GLPI < 9.5.5 Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
Stealing Privileged Accounts
GLPI is an incredible ITSM software tool that helps you plan and manage IT changes in an easy way, solve problems efficiently when they emerge and allow you to gain legitimate control over your company’s IT budget, and expenses.
Many companies use GLPI to manage their clients and tickets. GLPI has different kind of users. To manage plugins the user needs to has a tech role. So if you steal this kind of account you can go to administration page and dump the whole database to clone in your local lab.
During the plugin installation process, GLPI reads the setup.php file from plugins to show informations as author, plugin version, license and etc...
The problem here is simple, they do not validate and sanitize these informations before render to the user. Trust the user input is never a good idea.
GLPI loads the plugin using the setup.php file, as we can see in this piece of code.
Plugins need to have a function called plugin_version_NAMEOFPLUGIN(). This function will return the array that contains all informations as version, author, license, homepage and the min GLPI version. We saw this function at Fig.2.
Here we can see the alert being executed.